The software testing environment is a set-up of software and hardware arranged and made ready to start executing the test. Therefore, all the requirements such as software and hardware along with the prerequisites are made ready for a test start.
It may be noted that the test bed and test environment are similar things. But in some cases of complicated software, it is seen that one or more test set-up may constitute a single test-bed.
For complicated software such as the testing of banking software, there may be different requirement elements beside software and hardware only. There may be a need of antivirus which runs as a remote system, or may a security protocol that may be assigned a new session while running the test.
The right set-up ensures the right software testing and does not put the software to deadlock. Any corrupt, missing or non-supporting software in the testing environment may cause the total system to hang during the test process.
Testing Vs Debugging
No one should think that just we should set-up in one place only. Instead, the set-up should be done in several places, or we may say areas. Let us see where we have to make changes or install our software to get started with the setting.
It may be noted that all the time our test server is not going to be the local machine, sometimes, we may require to use the remote server as our test server. This may need to establish a test server, which will support our applications, configurations, etc.
For example, the SSH may be required to be configured to use the connection of our test software to the remote server. Another example is fedora set up for PHP etc. For JAVA uses the machine virtualization should be turned on.
For testing related to the website or any connected set-up the test may be carried out by different PCs, and their local browsers. Therefore, it is required to set up the individual machines, to fulfill the required Application or the required operating system.
For example when we are setting up a testing environment for a Windows Application, then the following testing set-up is required:
Another testing example of set up, when we are trying to make an Android Application. For this, we require the following elements for the testing:
Bug reporting should be done, by providing necessary tools and softwares to the tester. Bug reporting should be done throughout the entire test duration.
The creation of data may be done in many ways, some ways to do that is just copying the data which are already used in case of the execution of a similar kind of application. It is not always that, the tester will have knowledge about the test.
But many companies and institutions recommend to use their existing data as they are already used in some cases, and thus they have trust in their test data and they can also keep the data intact for later use. The test data can be copied from existing data, but some things should be kept in mind:
Now that we have seen how we can use other's data or previous data to use at our test case. Now we shall see how we overcome the privacy issues and how to deal with anonymous data which we can use for our test.
For anonymization of data, some approaches can be taken, One is called the black-list approaches, in which all the data fields should be left unchanged, excepts the fields which are specified by the users.
The other is the white-list, in this approach, it is seen that by default, the data are automatically anonymized and expect the list of fields which are permitted to be copied. A white-list means, that is permitted to copy the data as it is and for that data field, anonymization is not required.
This is a good practice, however, if someone is using production data, then it may turn dangerous sometimes, to use the copied data. Because the data may be currently irrelevant or the data may drag out something out of the database which is confidential or may cause harm to the database.
Test environment managing means, how the testing environment is managed. The following activities must be done for the fulfillment of the management of the test environment:
Despite all the knowledge of having the environment, set-up, there are problems and challenges which are to be met with an utmost sincere approach. Some of them are listed below:
Software testing environment is that technical environment where the software testing can be carried out. While carrying out the testing, resources such as processor, memory (primary & secondary), network, internet, software dependencies, etc are to be installed.
Software testing environment is the most important factor that can affect the testing. A lack of resources may lead to an improper result.
A good environment should have all the hardware and supporting software installed so that the testing can be considered as a real-world simulation of the test cases.