Commands

GIT Version:


git --version


Set name credential:


git config --global user.name "uname"


Set E-mail credential:


git config — global user.email "uname@hotmail.com"


See all configurations:


git config —-list


See own custom configurations:


git config --list --global


Help Command ``` git help ``` Get help from a specific command


git help commit


Create a Repository


git init


Delete a Repository :


rm -rf .git


Add a file


git add index.html


Add multiple files


git add index.html index.js


Add all files


git add .


Add all the files in the current directory by their extension:


git add *.txt


Add all the files that are in a folder:


git add css/


Add all the files that were modified:


git add -u


Add all the files by their extension that are inside a folder:


git add pdfs/*.pdf


See modified files


git status


See the modified files without so much information:


git status -s


See the modified files and in which branch we are working:


git status -sb


Delete a file that was in the staging area


git reset index.js


Delete a file that was in the staging area by their extension


git reset *.xml


Commit Changes


git commit -m 'navbar created'


See all the commits that we did


git log


See all the commits that we did in a pretty way


git log --oneline --decorate --all --graph


Create a Aliase/Shortcut


git config --global alias.lg "log --oneline --decorate --all --graph"


*So now we can do: `git lg` for the pretty log command*

Review of the basic and important commands

  • `$ git init` Initialize a local Git Repository
  • `$ git add ` Add file to the Staging Area
  • `$ git status` Check status of files in the working branch
  • `$ git commit` Commit Changes
  • `$ git push` Push to Remote Repository


git-germancutraro See all the changes that happened between the working file and the staging file


git diff


See all the changes that happened between the staging area file and the committed file


git diff --staged


Recover Files


git checkout .


Delete all the changes added in a file


git checkout -- README.md


Add files and commit in the same command:


git commit -am 'README actualizado'


Edit the commit message


git commit --amend -m 'We edited the message!'


Add or Back to the last commit


git reset --soft HEAD^


Return to a specific commit in a weak way


git reset --soft 39ae8e6


Return to a specific commit in a hard way


git reset --hard 39ae8e6


List of originated commits


git reflog


Go back to a point


git reset --hard 43809d4


Rename Files


git mv index.js app.js


Delete Files


git rm app.js


Branches

A branch is basically a new timeline that stores commits. They are used to develop functionalities independent of each other. The master branch is the default branch when you create a repository. Create new branches during development and merge them to the main branch when you finish. git-germancutraro Create a branch:


git branch myBranch


See the branches of our repository:


git branch


Work in a specific branch


git checkout myBranch


Create and move to a branch in a single command


git checkout -b myBranch


Merge branches:

First we go back to the master branch:


git checkout master


And now we run the next command


git merge myBranch


Once merged we can proceed to delete the branch


git branch -d myBranch


Tags


Create a tag


git tag -a v1.0.0 -m "Version 1.0.0"


Insert a tag in a specific commit


git tag -a v0.1.0 43809d4 -m 'Alpha Version'


See all Tags


git tag


See the tag message


git show v1.0.0


Delete a tag


git tag -d v0.1.0


Stash

Creation

git stash


Get the list


git stash list


Github

github-germancutraro Once we create a repository, we can add it to the remote server:


git remote add origin yourRepo.git


See the remote sources of our repository:


git remove -v


Once we have all our commits done and we have added the remote repository we can upload our files to Github: Push:


git push -u origin master


git-germancutraro But, as you can see, the tags are not uploaded with the `git push` command: git-germancutraro Push the tags


git push --tags


Ignore Files For this, you must create a .gitignore files, and there you can write the files and foulders that you dont want to upload to the github repository like:


node_modules
package-lock.json


Pull


git pull


git-germancutraro Clone a Repository


git clone repoUrl.git


Clone a repository in a specific folder


git clone repoUrl.git my-folder


About Author

Myself KarthiQ, I am the author of this blog, I know ways to write a good article but some how I donot have the skills to make it to reach people, would you like help me to reach more people By sharing this Article in the social media.

Share this Article Facebook
Comment / Suggestion Section
Point our Mistakes and Post Your Suggestions

Recent Addition

new tutorial Protractor Online Training : I am starting online training course for Protractor with Typescript from 15th November 2018.

You can attend first 3 classes for free, the total course fee is INR 10,000

The course time would be 8.00 PM(IST) for the first three classes

The course time would be 8.00 PM(IST) for the first three classes

If you are interested to learn then you can join the course by sending email to chercher.tech@gmail.com

or Register below


Subscribe
 
Join My Facebook Group
Join Group