SCP-500 SolarWinds Certified Professional Exam Set 4

The IT planning department has asked for a report to help them understand when they need to implement IPv6. Which report would offer them the greatest amount of relevant information?


Options are :

  • number of subnets
  • IP address utilization trends
  • DHCP server CPU utilization
  • unique NetFlow exporters

Answer : IP address utilization trends

SCP-500 SolarWinds Certified Professional Exam Set 2

Your service level agreement (SLA) dictates that you must be able to notify the appropriate parties when systems are down for over2 minutes & report on data for the last120 days. Your network management system (NMS) has been configured to collect status every 10minutes and summarizes and retains data for 90 days. Which two settings should you change in the NMS to meet the business requirements?


Options are :

  • increase data retention to 120 days
  • summarize hourly data into weekly data every 120 days
  • configure status polling to occur every minute
  • configure status polling to occur every5 minutes
  • summarize hourly data into weekly data every 90 days

Answer : increase data retention to 120 days summarize hourly data into weekly data every 90 days

Which network protocols are used by Solar Winds products during network discoveries?


Options are :

  • ICMP and SNMP
  • ICMP and SMTP
  • PPTP and IMAP
  • DHCP and TFTP

Answer : ICMP and SNMP

Refer to the following configuration snippet of a Cisco IOS router: snmp-server community private RO 60 snmp-server host 192.168.15.4 private access-list 60deny 192.168.12.0 255.255.240.0 access-list 60 permit snmp 192.168.15.4 The network management system (NMS) IP address is 192.168.15.4, and it is receiving SNMP traps from the router, but it is not able to poll the router. Why is the NMS unable to poll the router?


Options are :

  • The NMS requires a read-write community string.
  • SNMP is not enabled on the router.
  • The access-list is denying SNMP access from the NMS.
  • No public community string is configured.

Answer : The access-list is denying SNMP access from the NMS.

SCP-500 SolarWinds Certified Professional Exam Set 2

The IT budgeting department has asked you for reports that will help them better plan for increases in monthly recurring costs. Which report should you set up to help the IT udgeting department meet this objective?


Options are :

  • WAN interface utilization
  • available switch ports
  • router inventory
  • LAN interface utilization

Answer : WAN interface utilization

The data center team requires that they be alerted if any of the servers in a remote site go down. However, they do NOT want to receive alerts when the remote site connection goes down. Which two configuration steps should you take within your network management system (NMS) to meet these requirements


Options are :

  • set up the remote connection as a dependency for each of the servers
  • set up alerts on server status
  • set up alerts on the remote connection status a
  • set up alerts on the remote router status

Answer : set up the remote connection as a dependency for each of the servers set up alerts on server status

A firewall separates Orion NPM & the network devices it is monitoring. Only encrypted communication will be allowed from the server for polling and configuration management. Which two ports will need to be allowed through the firewall?


Options are :

  • 161
  • 2055
  • 69
  • 23
  • 22
  • 80

Answer : 161 22

SCP-500 SolarWinds Certified Professional Exam Set 2

What should you do to track whether a new configuration has alleviated slow network performance?


Options are :

  • compare application responsiveness before and after the change
  • compare ICMP availability before and after the change
  • monitor the affected devices for stability
  • monitor bandwidth utilization on affected interfaces

Answer : compare application responsiveness before and after the change

Which two sources provide detailed visibility into router interface traffic?


Options are :

  • Syslog
  • SNMP statistics
  • NetFlow
  • SNMP traps
  • CDP

Answer : SNMP statistics NetFlow

When using a network management system (NMS) to monitor network interfaces on a router, you notice that statistics are wrong after an interface card is physically removed from the device. What has most likely caused this problem?


Options are :

  • device configuration
  • interface re-indexing
  • access lists
  • counter rollovers

Answer : interface re-indexing

Due to a server crash, you had to move Orion to a new server with a new IP address. Which two changes should you make to ensure that Orion functions properly from the new server and IP address?


Options are :

  • change the IP address specified in the snmpd. conf file on the Orion server
  • updates the source address for Net Flow packets exported to Orion
  • update the destination IP address for Syslog and SNMP traps on your managed devices
  • update the access control lists (ACLs) that restrict management protocols
  • notify ARIN of the Orion server's new IP address

Answer : update the destination IP address for Syslog and SNMP traps on your managed devices update the access control lists (ACLs) that restrict management protocols

Your current deployment has multiple Orion NPM servers monitoring multiple locations from a single site. This is producing inaccurate data & high WAN bandwidth utilization. What are the two most efficient ways to address this issue?


Options are :

  • deploy an Orion Hot Standby
  • deploy an additional Orion Poller
  • deploy Orion Enterprise Operations Console
  • deploy Orion NPMat each remote location
  • deploy an additional Orion Web Server

Answer : deploy Orion Enterprise Operations Console deploy Orion NPMat each remote location

Which protocol should a network engineer enable on routers & switches to collect utilization statistics?


Options are :

  • SMTP
  • WMI
  • SNMP
  • ICMP

Answer : SNMP

Which two variables are used in the calculation of Percent Utilization?


Options are :

  • configured bandwidth
  • buffer overruns
  • packets per second
  • bits per second
  • interface discards

Answer : configured bandwidth bits per second

A network engineer is enabling SNMP on their network devices & needs to ensure it will use message integrity. Which version of SNMP should they use?


Options are :

  • SNMPv3
  • SNMPv4
  • SNMPv1
  • SNMPv2c

Answer : SNMPv3

What does the command "ip ssh version 2"do on a Cisco IOS router?


Options are :

  • enables secure system host version 2
  • enables secure socket layer version 2
  • enables secure shell version 2
  • enables simple network management protocol version 2

Answer : enables secure shell version 2

Which two reporting requirements should you consider when specifying data roll-up settings for a network management system (NMS)?


Options are :

  • data format
  • data retention
  • data encryption
  • data granularity
  • monitoring coverage

Answer : data retention data granularity

Which advantage do SNMP traps and Syslog have over SNMP polling?


Options are :

  • ability to poll events in real-time
  • speed of event detection
  • ease of configuration
  • reliability of event detection

Answer : speed of event detection

Orion NPM is monitoring the performance of DS-3 utilizing standard MIBs in the ifTable. Occasionally, the reported traffic rates for this interface spike well above45 Mbps. What is the most likely cause?


Options are :

  • counter rollovers
  • database issues
  • carrier misconfiguration
  • heavy network traffic

Answer : counter rollovers

Companies A & B have merged & are both using the 10.10.x..x /16 networks. Company A uses Orion NPM and would like to monitor two key servers within company B'snetwork. Which solution for this situation involves the fewest configuration steps?


Options are :

  • re-address company B's network
  • use dynamic NAT
  • use DNS for accessing the servers
  • use static NAT

Answer : use static NAT

A network engineer is planning to deploy a network management system (NMS) to monitor a large campus network. What is the most secure way to isolate the NMS network traffic to all monitored routers and switches?


Options are :

  • enable SNMPv3 on the switches
  • create a management VLAN for the NMS
  • open onlythe appropriate ports on the routers and firewalls
  • add the NMS IP address to the permissions for each device

Answer : create a management VLAN for the NMS

You have just changed the community string within the snmpd. conf on a Linux server. What needs to occur to monitor this device in Orion?


Options are :

  • re-add the Orion server to the Linux server
  • restart the SNMP process on the Orion server
  • restart the SNMP process on the Linux server
  • None
  • re-add the Linux server to Orion

Answer : restart the SNMP process on the Linux server

How does the Orion Universal Device Poller (UnDP) monitor a device's statistics that are Not included in the standard Orion NPM MIB database?


Options are :

  • by manually associating the device'sOID to Orion
  • by manually compiling the MIB into the Orion MIB database
  • by automatically searching the common MIB repositories and updating Orion
  • by keeping a copy of the device's MIB on the Orion NPM Server
  • by manually compiling the OID into the Orion MIB database

Answer : by manually associating the device'sOID to Orion

A network engineer would recommend decreasing polling frequency in order to address which topology-based issue?


Options are :

  • WAN bandwidth availability
  • redundancy for single-homed sites
  • high CPU values on WAN routers
  • SQL database scalability issues

Answer : WAN bandwidth availability

A network engineer is planning to deploy a network management system (NMS) to monitor a network. Which two UDP ports should be enabled in router access control lists and firewalls so the NMS can effectively monitor devices?


Options are :

  • 162
  • 164
  • 161
  • 160
  • 163

Answer : 162 161

Company A & company B have merged & are currently planning to combine their network backbones. All 18 of company A's routers run OSPF, but company B's hardware only supports RIPv2. You need to monitor both networks from a single NMS. Which solution in volves the fewest configuration steps to meet these monitoring requirements?


Options are :

  • change the routing protocol on company A's routers to RIP
  • move to static routing for all routers
  • configure company A's routers to run RIP along with OSPF
  • use router redistribution

Answer : use router redistribution

Which management protocol should you use to analyze network traffic in and out of a router interface?


Options are :

  • IP service level agreement (SLA)
  • WMI
  • sFlow
  • Syslog

Answer : sFlow

Orion NPM is using SNMP to poll a routerand track interface traffic rates. The data are Collected every 5 minutes, and the most recent values collected for a specific interface are 1,000,000 and 2,000,000 octets. What is the approximate average rate of traffic for this interface?


Options are :

  • 26 Kbps
  • 16 Kbps
  • 3 Kbps
  • 1 Kbps

Answer : 26 Kbps

What is an advantage of using SNMPv2c over using SNMPv1?


Options are :

  • get next command
  • get bulk command
  • authentication and encryption
  • 32 bit counters
  • username parameter

Answer : get bulk command

A network engineer notices the Syslog server's database is growing significantly in size due to the large number of devices sending Syslog messages. What should the engineer do to control database growth?


Options are :

  • configure the devices and the Syslog server to use TCP-based Syslog
  • configure the Syslog server to capture SNMP traps instead of Syslog
  • configure the Syslog server to discard unwanted messages
  • configure the devices and the Syslog server to use SNMPv3

Answer : configure the Syslog server to discard unwanted messages

What is a concern when monitoring a layer 3 (hierarchical) network that is not a concern when monitoring a layer 2 (flat) network?


Options are :

  • access control lists blocking management traffic
  • restricted SNMP permissions
  • troubleshooting complexity caused by BPDUs
  • bottlenecking caused by STP path selection

Answer : access control lists blocking management traffic

Which traffic type should be allowed through the network in order to leverage SNMP for network monitoring?


Options are :

  • UDP traffic on port 161
  • TCP traffic on port 162
  • UDP traffic on port 53
  • TCP traffic on port 161

Answer : UDP traffic on port 161

Users are complaining that a network connection is slow. How should SNMP be used to verify performance of the interface?


Options are :

  • verify status via the if Table
  • verify bandwidth usage via if InOctets
  • verify that SNMP agent is responding
  • verify the performance via if Speed

Answer : verify bandwidth usage via if InOctets

When monitoring a remote router with a network management system (NMS), which interface provides the most reliable connectivity?


Options are :

  • the loopback interface on the router
  • the LAN interface on the NMS
  • the WAN interface on the router
  • the loopback interface on the NMS

Answer : the loopback interface on the router

What can you determine from a packet capture that you CANNOT learn from NetFlow data?


Options are :

  • router Telnet password
  • network traffic statistics
  • client to server communication ports
  • device up/down status

Answer : router Telnet password

IT management wants to know how they can lower their total power consumption by consolidating equipment and shutting off unnecessary equipment. Which type of report can you create to help them plan for this?


Options are :

  • available switch ports
  • router CPU utilization
  • bandwidth utilization
  • total NetFlow endpoints

Answer : available switch ports

Your firewall currently allows port 6343 traffic to your network management system (NMS). What is the port most likely being used for?


Options are :

  • sFlow
  • ICMP
  • IP service level agreement (SLA)
  • SMTP

Answer : sFlow

You are monitoring your Internet connection, & your ISP has guaranteed512 Kbps. Historical data shows that your connection speed holds at 256 Kbps for long periods of time, but never exceeds this speed. What does this indicate?


Options are :

  • the NAT table is overloaded.
  • the ISP has misconfigured the link.
  • the WAN router is misconfigured.
  • QoS is dropping low priority traffic.

Answer : the ISP has misconfigured the link.

You have recently implemented a VoIP infrastructure within the company network. You are receiving trouble tickets indicating calls are dropping between their New York & San Francisco offices. Which two IP service level agreement (SLA) measurements should you use to identify the cause of the issue?


Options are :

  • latency
  • NetFlow
  • jitter
  • SIP
  • available bandwidth

Answer : latency jitter

You are planning a network management implementation where the network has several low bandwidth WAN links. Which two network management protocols are most likely to cause heavy traffic on WANs and should therefore be considered carefully before deployment?


Options are :

  • SSH
  • ICMP
  • Syslog
  • SMTP
  • NetFlow

Answer : ICMP Syslog

Which two management protocols should you use to measure the effectiveness of your QoS implementation?


Options are :

  • Syslog
  • SSHv2
  • WMI
  • SNMP
  • NetFlow

Answer : SNMP NetFlow

How can you use a network management system (NMS) to ensure service level agreement (SLA) parameters are realistic for your environment?


Options are :

  • increase data collection period
  • configuredata summarization
  • reducedata retention period
  • baseline network performance

Answer : baseline network performance

The IP address of a network management system (NMS) is 10.1.5.2, and the IP address of a new server that it is monitoring on the same VLAN is 10.1.5.129. The NMS cannot reach the server with SNMP or ICMP. What is the most likely cause?


Options are :

  • The firewall is blocking SNMP and ICMP.
  • The subnet mask of the server is misconfigured.
  • The MAC address of the NMS has changed.
  • The ARP table of the router has not refreshed.

Answer : The subnet mask of the server is misconfigured.

Which two performance metrics can be affected by proper QoS implementation?


Options are :

  • latency
  • shaping
  • jitter
  • marking
  • queuing

Answer : latency jitter

Which traffic type should be allowed through the network in order to leverage HTTPS for network monitoring?


Options are :

  • UDP traffic on port 443
  • TCP traffic on port 1433
  • TCP traffic on port 443
  • UDP traffic on port 1433

Answer : TCP traffic on port 443

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