The Robot Framework files can be plain text format (most commonly .robot format, or .txt format) or in tab-separated format (TSV format). Plain text test data can be embedded in reStructured Text Files.
Keywords can be imported from test libraries or resource files. Keywords can also be created in the keyword table of the test case file itself.
A test setup is something that is executed before a test case, and a test teardown is executed after a test case. In Robot Framework setups and teardowns are just normal keywords with possible arguments.
For example, opening a browser before the start of a test case and closing the browser post-execution can be examples of test setup and teardown
Yes, we can control the speed of execution using Set Selenium Speed keyword
Some test libraries are distributed with Robot Framework and these libraries are called standard libraries. The BuiltIn library is special because it is taken into use automatically and thus its keywords are always available. Other standard libraries need to be imported in the same way as any other libraries, but there is no need to install them. The available normal standard libraries are BuiltIn, Collections, DateTime, Dialogs, OperatingSystem, Process, Screenshot, String, Telnet, XML.
Answer : Scalar variable, List variable, and Dictionary variable
wxPython and pywin32
A Jenkins project is simply a repeatable build job that can contain steps and post-build actions. Standard options are available within a Jenkins freestyle project and include the ability to configure build triggers, enable project-based security and parameterize the Jenkins project.
Selenium provides a number of Locators to precisely locate a GUI element. The different types of Locators in Selenium IDE are ID, Name, Class, CSS Selector, LinkText, XPath, etc. (Refer Lectures 43-50)
The different drivers available in WebDriver are:
The keyword is Mouse Over in the Selenium2Library
HTTP library.HTTP and Requests
The request data which is present in the body part of every HTTP message is referred to as Payload. In Restful web service, the payload can only be passed to the recipient through the POST method. There is no limit of sending data as payload through the POST method but the only concern is that more data with consuming more time and bandwidth. This may consume much of the user’s time also
Some key characteristics of REST include -REST is stateless, therefore the SERVER has no state (or session data) With a well-applied REST API, the server could be restarted between two calls as every data is passed to the server Web service mostly uses POST method to make operations, whereas REST uses GET to access resources
HTTP methods supported by REST are:
RESTful web services use a famous web protocol i.e. HTTP protocol. This serves as a medium of data communication between client and server. HTTP standard methods are used to access resources in RESTful web service architecture.
RESTful web service implementation defines the method of accessing various resources that are required by the client and he has sent the request to the server through the browser. The important aspects of this implementation include:
Jenkins Pipeline (or simply "Pipeline") is a suite of plugins which supports implementing and integrating continuous delivery pipelines into Jenkins
Continuous integration (CI) is a software engineering practice in which isolated changes are immediately tested and reported on when they are added to a larger codebase. Continuous Integration (CI) is a development practice where developers integrate code into a shared repository frequently, preferably several times a day. Each integration can then be verified by an automated build and automated tests
A conflict arises when the commit that has to be merged has some change in one place, and the current commit also has a change at the same place
Scalar variable, List variable, and Dictionary variable
Use the command
git log; this command display commits list(in chronological order) from the latest to old one in descending order of the committed date. To make the output compact, we can use git log - - oneline.
Some test libraries are distributed with Robot Framework and these libraries are called standard libraries. The BuiltIn library is special because it is taken into use automatically and thus its keywords are always available.
Other standard libraries need to be imported in the same way as any other libraries, but there is no need to install them. The available normal standard libraries are BuiltIn, Collections, DateTime, Dialogs, OperatingSystem, Process, Screenshot, String, Telnet, XML.
Run Keyword If will run the keyword with the given arguments if the condition is true, whereas Run Keyword Unless will run the keyword with the given keywords if the condition is false. Additionally, Run Keyword If support ELSE and ELSE IF branches, but Run Keyword Unless doesn’t support
An Implicit Wait is an instruction for the Driver to wait for a certain amount of time when trying to find an element if it’s not immediately available and is generally implemented using keywords like – Wait Until Element Contains, Wait Until Element is Enabled, Wait Until Element is Visible. Explicit Wait, on the other hand, instructs the Driver to sleep for a certain time before proceeding further in the code and is generally implemented using sleep n (does nothing for n seconds)
First, we need to install ExcelLibrary. One way will be – get the number of rows in the worksheet using the keyword Get Row Count, and then loop thru the column Test Case Name using the keyword Read Cell Data By Name (sheetname, cell_name)
A conflict arises when the commit that has to be merged has some change in one place, and the current commit also has a change at the same place.
GIT is a Distributed Version Control System (DVCS) and Source Code Management System (SCMS) which can track
changes to a file and lets you revert back to any particular change. It can also handle small and large projects with efficiency and
Different types of the framework include:
The steps involved in the pre-automation phase are :
Business Feasibility Analysis (ROI analysis)
Technical Feasibility Analysis
Tool (along with scripting language and IDE) evaluation
We can install by running the command –
pip install from Command prompt. Alternatively, you can download the zip package, extract it and install it by running
setup.py install on the command prompt in the created directory.
RIDE, PyCharm, and RED
Q 10. How will you upgrade the Robot Framework?
pip install --upgrade robot framework
Assume, after ROI analysis, it is found that 90 out of 100 test cases will be executed multiple times and have the desired ROI.
The next step is to carry out the technical feasibility and find how many of the 90 test cases are technically feasible to automate. There might be test cases that involve manual intervention (like scanning checks) or test cases built on technology
which the available automation tools cannot understand, or test cases that involve Captcha. Say 10 test cases are like that. So we come up with a set of 80 test cases which are candidates for automation.
Automation coverage or Automation Test Coverage denotes the test cases automated as a percentage of the total
The automation phase starts with framework development (if the framework is not in place) and framework customization, followed by script development.