Python is a programmer's friendly high -level programming language, created by Guido Van Rossum and released in 1991.
By using the Python language we can double up applications like Gmail, Calculator,etc..
Compared to other programming languages like java, c++, C#.net, etc... Python is very much easier to learn, to understand, also the Python codes are very much compact and concise in its way.
Let us understand this with an example, to print "Hello world", in Java we need to write at least seven to eight lines but in case of python, to print Hello world, we can complete the code in only one line.
The Python can accept any kind of values whether it may be int type, float type...etc..
Guido van Rossum, when he was implementing this programming language, that time, there was a comedy show broadcasting in BBC called "Monty Python's Flying circus" and he thought he needs an unrivaled, concise and peerless name for his programming language and hence he called it as Python.
The python has derived some features of all the other programming languages like C, C++, pearl, etc..
Let us see why it is called as an all-rounder
Python is used in the following fields :
The Following are the features of python :
The Python is easy to learn and it is as simple as just reading English statements if you can able to understand these statements then it will be very easy to understand the syntax of python.
And also Python contains 33 reserved words if you understand these properly, then it will be easier to understand.
Python is freely available on its official website and also we can get the source code freely on its website and hence it is Open source.
The high-level programming language enables the developer to write programs in many user-friendly formats that mean the programming language is more independent of computer language.
Python is a platform-independent programming language that means we can implement the program in one machine and can use it on different machines without making any changes to the program and this is possible only through Python Virtual Machine which provides a general programming environment. this programing language comes under the concept of write once a run anywhere programming language.
Example: we can use Python application on Linux platform, windows and also on Mac platform
The process of migrating python applications from one platform to another platform without any changes in the programming language is called portability, this is possible because of its platform independent nature.
Compare to other programs, in Python no need to declare the variables before assigning any valves for that, we can directly assign the values as an assignment statement.
we can use the same variable for multiple data types.
Example: we can use a=4, a=dyani, a=apple etc..
Procedure Oriented and Object Oriented
Python supports the concept of classes and objects and hence can be used as a procedure-oriented and object-oriented language because it is an all-rounder.
As we all know that python is having a virtual machine and hence it will internally compile the program and hence there is no need to compile explicitly and also it will execute the code line by line and hence the debugging become much easier.
In the python, we can use the non-python codes and also we can improve the performance of the application by using the other language codes.
It is the reverse of Extensible as we can use the python code in any other programming languages.
Python is having a huge number of the library in it and hence we can write the concise code.
ex: random library.
As we know some of the uses of Python and it is also having some Limitations such as
We also have the customized versions of python to full fill the specific requirement, where python is having multiple numbers of Flavors, some of them are:
Python is having the several versions of it and the very first released version of python is 0.9.0 on Feb 20th, 1991.
And some other major versions of python are
And every new version should support the old version programs and this is called backward compatibility. Where the backward compatibility doesn't support in Python language, this is also having an advantage that we can add some other new feature to it.