Decorator Pattern in Kotlin | Design Patterns

Decorator pattern allows a user to add new functionality to an existing object without altering its structure. This type of design pattern comes under structural pattern as this pattern acts as a wrapper to existing class.

This pattern creates a decorator class which wraps the original class and provides additional functionality keeping class methods signature intact.


interface CoffeeMachine {
    fun makeSmallCoffee()
    fun makeLargeCoffee()
}

class NormalCoffeeMachine : CoffeeMachine {
    override fun makeSmallCoffee() = println("Normal: Making small coffee")

    override fun makeLargeCoffee() = println("Normal: Making large coffee")
}

//Decorator:
class EnhancedCoffeeMachine(val coffeeMachine: CoffeeMachine) : CoffeeMachine by coffeeMachine {

    // overriding behaviour
    override fun makeLargeCoffee() {
        println("Enhanced: Making large coffee")
        coffeeMachine.makeLargeCoffee()
    }

    // extended behaviour
    fun makeCoffeeWithMilk() {
        println("Enhanced: Making coffee with milk")
        coffeeMachine.makeSmallCoffee()
        println("Enhanced: Adding milk")
    }
}

fun main(args: Array<String>) {
    val normalMachine = NormalCoffeeMachine()
    val enhancedMachine = EnhancedCoffeeMachine(normalMachine)

    // non-overridden behaviour
    enhancedMachine.makeSmallCoffee()
    // overriding behaviour
    enhancedMachine.makeLargeCoffee()
    // extended behaviour
    enhancedMachine.makeCoffeeWithMilk()
}			

 
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